WADA STRENGTHENS GLOBAL NETWORK OF ANTI-DOPING INVESTIGATORS AND ANALYSTSThis list of drugs banned by WADA  is determined anabolic steroids wada the World Anti-Doping Agencyestablished in to deal with the increasing wnabolic of doping in the sports world. The banned substances and techniques fall into the anabolic steroids gain weight categories: Blood doping is the injection of red blood cellsrelated blood products that contain red blood cells, or artificial oxygen containers. Tren x1x is done by extracting and storing one's own blood prior to an athletic competition, well in advance of the competition so that the body can replenish its natural anxbolic of red wqda cells, and subsequently injecting the stored blood immediately before competition. The resulting unnatural level of red blood cells anabolic steroids wada oxygen transport and athletic endurance; thus, it is prohibited in most events.
List of drugs banned by WADA - Wikipedia
This list of drugs banned by WADA  is determined by the World Anti-Doping Agency , established in to deal with the increasing problem of doping in the sports world. The banned substances and techniques fall into the following categories: Blood doping is the injection of red blood cells , related blood products that contain red blood cells, or artificial oxygen containers.
This is done by extracting and storing one's own blood prior to an athletic competition, well in advance of the competition so that the body can replenish its natural levels of red blood cells, and subsequently injecting the stored blood immediately before competition. The resulting unnatural level of red blood cells improves oxygen transport and athletic endurance; thus, it is prohibited in most events.
It is often used in extreme sports like cycling , snowboarding , and skiing where endurance is highly valued. The most famous example of this type of doping is Lance Armstrong 's performance in the Tour de France. Banned androgenic agents are either anabolic steroids , which increase testosterone and epitestosterone , thereby improving muscle strength and endurance, or beta-2 agonists see adrenergic beta-agonist. Andro, DHEA, stanozolol , testosterone , and nandrolone , or derivates see below are banned anabolic steroids.
Beta-2 agonists can act as bronchodilators and increase heart rates , in addition to their mild androgenic effects. Other banned androgenic agents include bambuterol , clenbuterol , salbutamol , tibolone , zeranol , zilpaterol , and selective androgen receptor modulators. While a few of the banned drugs are endogenous, that is they are normally produced in the human body, most of the banned drug are exogenous drugs chemically produced.
This is the complete list of exogenous non-natural androgenic agents banned as of January 1, Drugs with similar structures and biological activity are also banned because new designer drugs of this sort are always being developed in order to beat the drug tests. The following substances, ordinarily produced naturally in the body, are prohibited when administered from outside the body. Certain peptide hormones increase bulk, strength, and oxygen-carrying red blood cells.
All beta-2 agonists and their D - and L - isomers , are banned. However, formoterol , salbutamol , salmeterol , and terbutaline may be used with a "therapeutic use exemption", only in the inhaled form.
Hormone levels of a particular hormone, like testosterone, can be changed not only by administering it, but also by altering related hormones. Likewise, interfering with a hormone's receptor leads to similar effects. Because of these natural hormone-hormone interdependent biosynthetic pathways and hormone-receptor interactions, all aromatase inhibitors , including anastrozole , letrozole , aminoglutethimide , exemestane , formestane , and testolactone are banned.
Selective estrogen receptor modulators , including raloxifene , tamoxifen and toremifene are banned. Clomiphene , cyclofenil , fulvestrant , and all other anti-estrogenic substances are banned. Myostatin inhibitors are banned.
AICAR are also banned. Meldonium was banned on 1 January , which led to a Russian doping scandal. Stimulants directly affect the central nervous system, increasing blood flow and heart rate. These drugs primarily help athletes in complex team sports like basketball and association football as well as choreographed sports like figure skating and artistic gymnastics. Stimulants that are banned include amphetamines , beta-2 agonists , ephedrine , pseudoephedrine , fencamfamine , cocaine , methamphetamines , mesocarb , and other substances with similar chemical structures and biological effects, including the following:.
Diuretics , which increase the production of urine , and masking agents, chemical compounds which interfere with drug tests, are banned for two reasons. First, by decreasing water retention and thus decreasing an athlete's weight, an important consideration in many speed sports e. Secondly, increased urine production depletes the concentration of both the banned drugs and their metabolites, making their detection more difficult.
Masking agents, on the other hand, work by making drug tests ineffective, leading to false-negative results. Desmopressin , plasma expanders such as glycerol ; intravenous administration of albumin , dextran , hydroxyethyl starch and mannitol , probenecid , and other substances with similar biological effects are also banned. Local application of felypressin in dental anesthesia is not prohibited. Narcotic analgesics decrease the painful sensations of serious injuries, potentially allowing athletes to continue training for competition after an injury.
While some painkillers are allowed, including codeine , the following are banned:. The cannabis products marijuana and hashish are also banned in competition due to their cannabinoid content. Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids that affect the metabolism of carbohydrates , fat , and proteins , and regulate glycogen and blood pressure levels.
They possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity and cause alteration of connective tissue in response to injuries. The anti-inflammatory and connective tissue effects of glucocorticoids might mask injuries, leading to more serious injuries to athletes. Because of this and metabolic regulation effects, the administration of any glucorticoid orally, rectally, intraveniously, or intramuscularly is prohibited and requires a therapeutic use exemption.
Topical uses of glucocorticoids does not require an exemption. Beta blockers are prohibited during competition in a number of sports; out of competition, they are prohibited only in archery and shooting. The prohibited beta blockers include:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Doping in sport Substances and types. Retrieved 13 September Retrieved from " https: Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Citizendium.