What Are Bulk-Forming Laxatives?Drug information provided brandds Oral laxatives are medicines taken by mouth to encourage bowel movements to relieve constipation. There are several different types of oral laxatives and they work in different ways. Since directions for use are different for each type, it is important to know which one you are bulking laxative brands. The different bulking laxative brands of oral laxatives include:.
Laxative (Oral Route) Description and Brand Names - Mayo Clinic
Drug information provided by: Oral laxatives are medicines taken by mouth to encourage bowel movements to relieve constipation. There are several different types of oral laxatives and they work in different ways.
Since directions for use are different for each type, it is important to know which one you are taking. The different types of oral laxatives include:. Bulk-formers—Bulk-forming laxatives are not digested but absorb liquid in the intestines and swell to form a soft, bulky stool. The bowel is then stimulated normally by the presence of the bulky mass.
Some bulk-forming laxatives, like psyllium and polycarbophil, may be prescribed by your doctor to treat diarrhea. Hyperosmotics—Hyperosmotic laxatives encourage bowel movements by drawing water into the bowel from surrounding body tissues. This provides a soft stool mass and increased bowel action. There are three types of hyperosmotic laxatives taken by mouth—the saline, the lactulose , and the polymer types:.
Lubricants—Lubricant laxatives, such as mineral oil, taken by mouth encourage bowel movements by coating the bowel and the stool mass with a waterproof film. This keeps moisture in the stool. The stool remains soft and its passage is made easier. Stimulants—Stimulant laxatives, also known as contact laxatives, encourage bowel movements by acting on the intestinal wall.
They increase the muscle contractions that move along the stool mass. Stimulant laxatives are a popular type of laxative for self-treatment. However, they also are more likely to cause side effects. One of the stimulant laxatives, dehydrocholic acid, may also be used for treating certain conditions of the biliary tract.
Stool softeners emollients —Stool softeners encourage bowel movements by helping liquids mix into the stool and prevent dry, hard stool masses. This type of laxative has been said not to cause a bowel movement but instead allows the patient to have a bowel movement without straining. Combinations—There are many products that you can buy for constipation that contain more than one type of laxative.
For example, a product may contain both a stool softener and a stimulant laxative. In general, combination products may be more likely to cause side effects because of the multiple ingredients. In addition, they may not offer any advantage over products containing only one type of laxative. If you are taking a combination laxative, make certain you know the proper use and precautions for each of the different ingredients.
Laxatives are to be used to provide short-term relief only, unless otherwise directed by a doctor. A proper diet containing roughage whole grain breads and cereals, bran, fruit, and green, leafy vegetables , with 6 to 8 full glasses 8 ounces each of liquids each day, and daily exercise are most important in maintaining healthy bowel function.
Also, for individuals who have problems with constipation, foods such as pastries, puddings, sugar, candy, cake, and cheese may make the constipation worse.
Make certain your health care professional knows if you are on any special diet, such as a low-sodium or low-sugar diet. Some laxatives have large amounts of sodium or sugars in them. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.
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