11 Deca Ometena u RazvojuPsychomotor development of the child from 2 to 7 years. The first year of life goes quickly, parent has a lot to do, but everything that our child achieved is huge and it define anabolic and catabolic pathways be improved in further development. Information from this article can be used only as framework guide. Children grow and develop on different ways and each child has its own way. It deca sa usporen psihomotorni razvoj made as generalized framework, but you can recognize some essential thinks that are related to age of your child.
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Psychomotor development of the child from 2 to 7 years. The first year of life goes quickly, parent has a lot to do, but everything that our child achieved is huge and it will be improved in further development. Information from this article can be used only as framework guide. Children grow and develop on different ways and each child has its own way. It is made as generalized framework, but you can recognize some essential thinks that are related to age of your child.
After the first birthday continues intensive development of motor, specially manipulated skills and abilities of coordination of the child. Practicing this activities becomes more and more accurate and allows the child to investigate its environment actively, that it does with big interesting and satisfaction.
Simultaneous develops of language and speech allows a child to understand environment better, and to shows its wishes and thoughts, that stimulate further develop of social interactions of the child. In age of 12 th to 18 th month establishes the forms of behaviour that characterize a man: In age of 12 th months a child can move to upright position on its own, and with 15 th months old can stand up by its own.
Average age of child that starts to walk is months. Advancing movements to capture and fine movements of catching with fingertips. At the end of this period begins to express tendency to prefer to use one or other side of the body arm, leg, ear or eye. In age of months, continues development of control of upright position.
Stands is automated walking is perfected. Appears brisk walking, starts running, jumping, can walk in different ways: Motor hand and fingers still progressing, so a child can skilfully performed these movements. Predominated use of one side of body is more prominent. Each of this periods is filled with a feeling that you are doing something special and unrepeatable, you might have more than one child , every baby has its own personality and gives us complete different experience.
Help them to pass through this delightful period as painless as they can, with smile and joy. Enjoy in this with your baby. Second year Developing milestones from 1th to 2th year table 1 and 2. In addition to basic physiological needs a child has a specific social and emotional needs that are primary too and need to be satisfied. Address this needs in a child creates a good mood that express positive on whole psychophysical development of a child. A child is born with an innate ability for interact to others.
An interaction with environment and other people, a child becomes aware of itself and learns to adapt to anther. During this process a personality of a child is developing. In the second year emotional attachment for one or more people is still very strong. In children who had a fear of separation, it is still present and amplified, and fear of unknown people and environment as well. A child shows an interest for its peers. Interaction takes place in the form of cooperation or conflict.
Appears evident sings of jealously. Nonverbal understanding a child and an adult is very develop. A child is very positive response to the initiatives of the adult to play socializing and often initiate a game by itself. At the end of a second year a fear of separation and unknown people easily decreases.
Social interaction and nonverbal understanding multiply and more and more communication speech. A new is more often play of introducing in what a child attends to such in an adult. Interest for peers is on the rise. Your child should have an order of feeding and meals with family at least three times a day.
Maybe it starts to eat one kind of food, but it is transient. Make food funny to avoid possible strike eating and choosy: Speech — shows an objects that sees- you talk their names. If you ask to show pictures in books and certain objects it will show. Shows part of the body that you ask for. Starts to pronounce words a known objects, people from environment. Cognitive development — cognitive ability is the common name for the ability of memory, thinking, learning, etc.
Emotional development — learns to express its wishes, needs or feelings useing words, facial expressions. In the second year, process of separation a child from the mother is individual and intensive. Harmonization of these two process and mastery of an autonomy is often tumultuous process. After wins autonomy a child has a calmer phase of development, because social and in the mood for cooperation.
Outbursts of anger are normal for this age. How to avoid or try to avoid these situations? Read books with lot of repeats and rhymes because they like rhymes very much. Show pictures in direction of reading to learn reading order for later.
Play is important as diagnosis and therapeutic agent in a childhood. At the end of the first year up to middle of the second a child is very curiously, moves a lot, every where peers, everything touches. In this faze is necessary more attention, because a child can unintentionally do something dangerous or unpleasant.
A child has a need to experiment and seeks for new things in the world around it. Develop affections and the jealously at the other children. At the middle of the second year starts right mental functioning. A child finds solutions at the first mentally, and then transfer actions and things about them. It is capably for symbolic game and imitating actions game and imitating actions of person from its environment later.
That shows development of memory abilities. Relives time and space limits. Knows that the world and objects exists independently from it and independently of what it sees or not sees.
How long can predict the results of its own operation and provides benefits it is poignantly. Understands meaning of forbidden that relies on actions in some situations in community. Thought communication with close people a child learns to distinguish its own feelings of envy, possessiveness, rivalry , failure, disappointment. It becomes capability to imagine objects and persons and symbolizes them thought the game, drawing and speech. Thinking on preschool age is intuitive, magically and around the sixth ear of life discernible the beginnings of logical thinking at that particular level, that will increase a full development at the school age increase a full development at the school age.
The third year In the third year still is perfecting control of standing, walking and actions that are performed hands. Balance in standing position is perfected and locomotion as well goes at the straight line, backwards, stops immediately, jumps ….
Actions that are performed hands are perfected too. Predominant use of one side of the body is expressed in the majority of children. A child has a need from time to time to be touched ,cuddled or kissed by parents. Fear of separation and strange people is present but it is smaller. A child lot of its time spends in the rebellion phase defiance. Besides taht a child of this age is characterised by impulsive and the desire to realizes its own needs here and now. The most of problems are about: After wins autonomy a child goes in calm faze of develop, becomes social and ready to cooperate.
It is important influence of children among them, on this age. This interaction is not intensive parallel games. Periodically a real interactions happened children changing toys, holding for hands, cries together… still conflicts are more often, and they are mostly about property above toys and competitions for gaining sympathy. Each situation and each contact should be used for establishing and development of emotional contact taking bath, feeding….
A child is capably by facial expression of adults to recognize their emotions and learns how to behave. A child reacts cheery to stimulus of adults, showing initiative by itself. Instead that advantage should be given to positive methods of encouraging, showing interest, but not overexposed, expression of rage and punishing can provide intense sense of quilt, shame and helplessness.
Signs that shows on this discovers are: Land concrete action for example: Children are aware that you are honest and that you pay attention. The point is that parents in all activities should be partner of a child, understanding all its gestures, movements, words, verbal and non-verbal signs and acting on the time and on the right way. Socio-emotional relationships are reflection of the atmosphere in the family, but the main of the atmosphere in the family, but the main note gives behaviour of the parents, their actions, reactions, voice, look…It is important that in all activities that exist agreement and persistence in actions of parents and all other that are taking care of children, and finally that cooperation with a child be balanced, calm, consistent and tailored to the child.
Speech development — you will surprise how many words will your child learn this year. Try to note down some words that a child knows every three months. Cognitive developmen t — it will understand a short stories. Imagination is more vivid, can have an imagine friend or play with dolls or plush toys. It maybe love puzzles from 3 to 4 parts.
Some kids like to play houses, hour works. It will learn to count up to tree and understand what that number means.