Biol 2020; Chapter 16; A&PUp-regulation involves the loss of receptors and prevents the target cells from overreacting to persistently high hormone levels. The hypothalamus is known to control the activity of the thyroid, which has traditionally been called the master endocrine gland. Which hormone aids in water resorption? Steroid hormones are synthesized from amino acids of the following pairs correctly matches the adrenal aynthesized zone, or area, with the class of hormones it produces? When blood glucose levels are high.
Biol ; Chapter 16; A&P Flashcards | Quizlet
Up-regulation involves the loss of receptors and prevents the target cells from overreacting to persistently high hormone levels. The hypothalamus is known to control the activity of the thyroid, which has traditionally been called the master endocrine gland. Which hormone aids in water resorption?
Which of the following pairs correctly matches the adrenal gland zone, or area, with the class of hormones it produces? When blood glucose levels are high. The pancreas releases insulin. A liver cell responds to insulin by. Taking in glucose and converting it to glycogen. What cells in the body respond to glucagon by breaking down glycogen and releasing glucose? Body cells that respond to insulin include. Liver cells, as well as most other cells of the body. When blood glucose levels are low.
The pancreas releases glucagon, which eventually causes blood glucose levels to increase. The body's tendency to maintain relatively constant internal conditions is called. Oxytocin is a strong stimulant of uterine contractions. LH is also referred to as a gonadotropin.
Growth hormone solely exerts its influence by targeting other endocrine glands to produce hormones. Which of the following occurs in situations where more than one hormone produces the same effects at the target cell and their combined effects are amplified? The size and shape of a pea; produces hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands. Is part of the sympathetic nervous system. Produces hormones that regulate glucose levels in the body.
Primary regulators of blood calcium levels. Produces the body's major metabolic hormones. Which of the following is NOT a major type of stimulus that triggers endocrine glands to manufacture and release hormones?
What is the primary function of hormones? Hypersecretion of what hormone can produce the effects of gigantism in the individual in the center of this image? Which of the following hormones helps the body avoid dehydration and water overload? What hormone released into the blood shown by letter D by the posterior pituitary inhibits or prevents urine formation?
What gland secretes growth hormone? Where are the hormones oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone ADH stored? C Vein-like yellow line. What is required for the production of anterior pituitary gland hormones?
Which of the following is a hormone produced by the posterior pituitary? None of the listed responses is correct. What hormone, indicated by letter B, is released by the anterior pituitary to target the adrenal cortex when we are under stress? Which hormone is essential to our ability to maintain our fluid levels?
Which of the following hormones is stimulated by stress? Which of the following is NOT an endocrine gland? Steroid hormones are synthesized from amino acids. All amino acid based hormones are lipid soluble and can cross the plasma membrane. What property of a hormone would allow it to pass unassisted through a plasma membrane?
Both "turn on" factors hormonal, humoral, and neural stimuli and "turn off" factors feedback inhibition and others may be modulated by the activity of the nervous system. What allows a cell to respond to a hormone? What area of the brain is designated by letter A? Where is thyrotropin-releasing hormone TRH made? What is the name for the type of hormone, secreted by the pituitary that regulates other endocrine organs?
The posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is NOT a true endocrine gland because. Which anterior pituitary hormone does NOT target another endocrine gland? Which hormone has only one known effect: Johanna is significantly shorter than normal for her age. Her doctor recommends treatment with a hormone before her growth plates ossify in her long bones.
Which hormone is recommended? What type of cell is shown at letter C? What hormone is released by the cells pictured in letter D? Calcitonin is the main regulator of blood calcium levels. The endocrine gland that is probably malfunctioning if a person has a high metabolic rate is the parathyroid. What type of stimulation controls parathyroid release?
Which of the following glands increases blood calcium levels? The adrenal medulla is stimulated to release catecholamines during sympathetic autonomic nervous responses. Which of the following triggers the release of glucagon? Which of the following best describes gluconeogenesis? The hormone that raises blood sugar levels is insulin.
Most type 2 diabetics do NOT produce insulin.