Cannabidiol, better known as CBD oil, has become an accepted natural alternative in treating some symptoms associated with alcohol and drug addiction. Although CBD oil does not modify perception, it does create changes in the Because of the way cannabinoids interact with the body, CBD oil has a variety of uses. So not only is CBD effective in preventing relapses in drug and alcohol addicts, the benefits it provides are long-lasting which is crucial when. a visual list of risks of taking cbd oil in addiction recovery The fact is, however, that there is very little research to determine one way or the other what disorders can be It is important to note that CBD is not THC, the active ingredient in Chronic pain and inflammation: It may be that CBD oil is good for.
for Addicts a Idea Good Not May CBD Be Why
In the s, researchers found that the human body has an endocannabinoid system that produces endocannabinoids either in response to use of cannabis or to manage different organ systems in the body. Though THC attaches to the cannabinoid receptors in the body, CBD triggers the production of natural endocannabinoids in the body that then attach to the cannabinoid receptors.
CBD may also interact with pain receptors and serotonin receptors, which may influence how the user experiences pain or anxiety, respectively. Though researchers are not exactly sure how CBD functions within the body to have the effect it does, experts believe that because CBD attaches to different receptors than THC, it does not trigger a high of any kind. There is no cure for addiction, and CBD oil, even if it is the miracle drug that some say, does not cure an addiction disorder either.
However, there is some evidence to show that use of CBD oil might have a positive impact on the experience of people struggling with anxiety, depression , or PTSD.
All of these disorders can increase the risk of the development of a substance use disorder because symptoms can be debilitating, and many turn to drugs or alcohol to self-medicate them without the aid of a doctor.
Studies are in the works to further nail down what and how CBD oil may serve patients struggling with a range of medical or mental health disorders , but what we know so far is limited. Like the use of methadone for the treatment of heroin addiction, prescription painkillers after a dental surgery, and any sedatives for the treatment of anxiety, there is an ongoing debate in the sober community as to whether or not you can be sober when using CBD oil for any purpose.
Because it is not regulated and its use is not legal, many choose to refrain rather than take the risk of relapse. Only one study looked at the impact of CBD on tobacco addiction. Morgan et al studied the impact of CBD on nicotine addiction by conducting a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study on 24 smokers who wished to stop smoking. They were told to use the inhaler whenever they felt the urge to smoke, to assess daily cigarette and inhaler use, and to monitor their craving once daily for 1 week.
Cravings were measured at baseline and at the end of the week. A 2-week follow-up was organized to assess cigarette use. Both groups also showed a reduction in cravings between day 1 and day 7, though not between day 1 and follow-up.
Only the impact of CBD on the intoxication phase of alcohol addiction was extracted from the review of literature. No human study was found for opioid-, psychostimulant-, hallucinogen-, or sedative-addictive behaviors. The present review aims to examine the available evidence showing the effects of CBD on different addictive behaviors, in both animals and humans.
While neural mechanisms implicated in this process are yet to be completely understood eg, its action on the ECBS or the modulation of pharmacokinetic properties of drugs , CBD seems to influence specific phases of addiction for only certain substances of abuse Supplementary Table 4. CBD appears to have an impact on the intoxication phase of opioid addiction in animals, by reducing the reward-facilitating effect of morphine on the ICSS threshold.
No evidence was found for the intoxication and relapse phases of cannabis addiction, 28 , 29 with no results for the withdrawal phase. Human studies have interestingly focused on substances for which few, if any, data are available in animal models of addiction.
While it affects the implicit wanting and explicit liking, it does not influence the subjective feeling of being stoned or the craving sensation associated with the drug. In the case of tobacco addiction, CBD may have a therapeutic effect by reducing the number of cigarettes consumed by users who are still actively smoking 33 No data were found on the possible effects of CBD on withdrawal symptoms and risk of relapse among individuals who quit smoking.
Finally, CBD does not exhibit a potential impact on the alcohol addiction intoxication phase in humans, 34 and again, no data were found on the other phases of this addiction. As previously mentioned, CBD exercises its effects via several neural mechanisms relevant to addictive disorders.
Its action on the ECBS as a weak inverse agonist on CB1 receptors has been suggested to play a role in substance-use disorder, but other mechanisms are also involved. This suggests a long-term impact on neural mechanisms relevant to opioid relapse.
In contrast, Parker et al found that a CB1 receptor antagonist failed to reverse the effects of CBD on the psychostimulant relapse phase, suggesting that other neuronal circuits than the ECBS may be involved.
More studies are needed to clarify the exact mechanisms through which CBD influences addictive behaviors, in addition to the endocannabinoid, glutamatergic, and serotoninergic systems. These mechanisms may well be different for each substance of abuse and each addictive phase. Another potential mechanism by which CBD could exert its effects on substances of abuse is by modulating their pharmacokinetic properties.
The time-dependent relation suggests that a metabolite of CBD may be responsible for this phenomenon. They hypothesized that this finding was related to hepatic microsomal drug metabolism, via the deactivation of specific cytochrome Ps. For example, Consroe et al found that pretreatment with CBD produced a diminution in blood alcohol level 34 with no major impact on objective and subjective response to alcohol in humans.
While CBD seems to have direct effects on addictive behaviors, its therapeutic potential could also be enhanced by several properties that contribute indirectly to addictive disorders. For example, its antianxiety properties are well known at doses of — mg 12 , 37 and CBD seems to have antidepressant 11 and anticonvulsant 38 , 39 effects.
Its impact on pain has been investigated, especially in combination with THC in Sativex treatment for chronic pain 40 , 41 and is relevant since chronic pain can induce or perpetuate drug abuse.
CBD has been shown to be a safe compound in both animals and humans, which is of critical importance from a therapeutic point of view. Many studies evaluated the side effect profile of CBD in various contexts and reported no significant or serious adverse events, other than mild sedation and nausea. CBD protects mice from hepatotoxicity induced by cocaine by inactivating Ps, 36 , 45 reduces glutamate- and ethanol-induced neurotoxicity in rats with its antioxidant potential, 19 , 46 and potentially diminishes the neurotoxicity of THC by reducing brain volume loss.
The present systematic review has its own limitations, including the lack of a mechanism to exclude publication bias and the fact that no search for unpublished studies was achieved. A limited number of studies on the direct impact of CBD on addictive behaviors are available in the literature, and the majority use animal models of addiction. Five human studies were found, but the sample sizes of the majority of these were small, and only two of them were randomized, double-blind studies.
Moreover, all substances were not represented in both animal and human studies. The small number of studies in each category and their heterogeneity makes the comparison difficult, if not impossible. CBD is an exogenous cannabinoid that acts on several neurotransmission systems involved in addiction. Animal studies have shown the possible effects of CBD on opioid and psychostimulant addiction, while human studies presented some preliminary evidence of a beneficial impact of CBD on cannabis and tobacco dependence.
CBD has several therapeutic properties on its own that could indirectly be useful in the treatment of addiction disorders, such as its protective effect on stress vulnerability and neurotoxicity. Overall, emerging data remain very limited and are far from being conclusive; well-designed, randomized, controlled trials are necessary at this point to determine whether these properties translate into significant improvements on clinical outcomes in human populations.
The importance of this area of research is emphasized by an increasing number of studies that are currently being conducted in the United States source: The dreadful burden of substance-use disorder worldwide, combined with the clear need for new medication in the addiction field, justifies the requirement of further studies to evaluate the potential of CBD as a new intervention for addictive behaviors. Gregory Stuart, Editor in Chief. The authors confirm that the funding sources had no role in the study design, collection, analysis, or interpretation of the data, writing the manuscript, or the decision to submit the paper for publication.
Other authors disclose no potential conflicts of interest. Paper subject to independent expert blind peer review by minimum of two reviewers. All editorial decisions made by independent academic editor.
Upon submission manuscript was subject to anti-plagiarism scanning. Prior to publication all authors have given signed confirmation of agreement to article publication and compliance with all applicable ethical and legal requirements, including the accuracy of author and contributor information, disclosure of competing interests and funding sources, compliance with ethical requirements relating to human and animal study participants, and compliance with any copyright requirements of third parties.
Conducted the literature search independently: Provided consultation in the event of discrepancies occurring between the results of the two reviewers: Provided summaries of previous research studies and wrote the first draft of the manuscript: All authors contributed to and have approved the final manuscript.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Subst Abuse v. Published online May Find articles by Romulus Cata. Find articles by Didier Jutras-Aswad. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Characteristics of excluded studies.
Detailed characteristics of included studies. Abstract Drug addiction is a chronically relapsing disorder characterized by the compulsive desire to use drugs and a loss of control over consumption. Introduction Drug addiction is a chronically relapsing disorder characterized by the compulsive desire to seek and use drugs with impaired control over substance use despite negative consequences.
Data extraction and analysis When available, the following data were retrieved from the included studies: Results We identified 21 potentially eligible studies. Included animal studies Effects of CBD on opioid-related addictive behaviors Studies were found on all three phases of opioid addiction. Effects of CBD on psychostimulant-addictive behaviors Few studies examined the effects of CBD on the intoxication and relapse phases of psychostimulant addiction.
Effects of CBD on cannabis-related addictive behaviors Few studies have examined the effects of CBD administration on various outcomes during the intoxication and relapse phase of cannabis addiction. Other substances No animal study was found on hallucinogen-, sedative-, tobacco-, or alcohol-addictive behaviors. Effects of CBD on alcohol-addictive behaviors Only the impact of CBD on the intoxication phase of alcohol addiction was extracted from the review of literature.
Other substances No human study was found for opioid-, psychostimulant-, hallucinogen-, or sedative-addictive behaviors. Discussion Analysis of studies The present review aims to examine the available evidence showing the effects of CBD on different addictive behaviors, in both animals and humans. Limitations The present systematic review has its own limitations, including the lack of a mechanism to exclude publication bias and the fact that no search for unpublished studies was achieved.
Conclusions CBD is an exogenous cannabinoid that acts on several neurotransmission systems involved in addiction. Supplementary File Supplementary Table 1. Click here to view. Author Contributions Conducted the literature search independently: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; Glutamate transmission in addiction.
Pierce RC, Kumaresan V. The mesolimbic dopamine system: Modulation of the endocannabinoid system: Endocannabinoid signaling system and brain reward: Endocannabinoid signaling and long-term synaptic plasticity.
Blunted psychotomimetic and amnestic effects of deltatetrahydrocannabinol in frequent users of cannabis. The psychotomimetic effects of intravenous deltatetrahydrocannabinol in healthy individuals: Anxiolytic effect of cannabidiol derivatives in the elevated plus-maze. Antidepressant-like effects of cannabidiol in mice: Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an antipsychotic drug.
Braz J Med Biol Res. Cannabidiol displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1 and CB2 receptor agonists in vitro. The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Molecular targets for cannabidiol and its synthetic analogues:
Can CBD Oil Cure Addiction?
In this article we discuss about main benefits of CBD, can CBD help in addiction recovery and Why CBD May Not Be a Good Idea for Addicts. Preclinical study using rats shows that Cannabidiol can reduce the risk of relapse cannabinoids, and the way that these may be used as therapeutics. CBD is the major non-psychoactive ingredient of Cannabis sativa, a plant that is . It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Among the long list of conditions that CBD could help with is various forms CBD oil for addiction, and whether it really might serve as a way to Most of us think addiction only applies to drugs and alcohol; however, this is not the case. all-natural compound could make a great 'exit drug' to help people.